Many educators generally adjust their lessons to three basic learning styles: auditory learning, in which the student learns best by hearing; kinesthetic learning, in which the student learns best through hands-on activities and movement; and visual learning, in which the student learns best by seeing examples and using graphic organizers. Each learning style requires that the lessons be adjusted significantly or slightly to accommodate different learning styles.
A visual learning student will thrive in situations that call for graphic organizers — that is, visual representations of topics or ideas. For example, in order to describe the concept of buoyancy — how objects float — a visual learning student would be helped by a picture of a boat floating in the sea, juxtaposed with another picture of a rock sinking to the bottom of the sea. The images help the visual learning student process the concept in a manner best suited to his or her learning style. The student will understand the concept better with the pictures than he or she would if, for example, the definition of buoyancy was simply read aloud from a text. Simple graphics are best, as more complex graphics may confuse the learner, or bog him or her down in too much information.
Graphs and charts are examples of graphic organizers that can best help a visual learning student. When processing information, a student may be able to understand relationships and concepts better if he or she can plot them on a graph or chart, or see them in a photograph or illustration. When dealing with literature, a visual learning student would be greatly aided by a plot diagram, such as the plot pyramid, that shows the rising action, the climax of the story, and the falling action. Such organizers can help with retention of information, organization of details, and comprehension of simple and complex texts.
Identifying a student as a visual learner is an important first step in recognizing methods for effectively teaching that student, but it is not the only step. If a student falls into the category of visual learner, the teacher may now have a set of guidelines by which he or she can begin to help the student learn, but as is the case with most teaching and learning methods, the teacher must consider that each student is different and will have his or her own strengths and weaknesses. Graphic organizers are a start, but from there, the teacher must determine how to make the graphic organizers work effectively for the individual student.