We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.

Advertiser Disclosure

Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.

How We Make Money

We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently from our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What is Instructional Design?

By Elva K.
Updated Mar 02, 2024
Our promise to you
Practical Adult Insights is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At Practical Adult Insights, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Helping students learn to the maximum extent possible is an important goal that teachers and school systems have. Instructional design can be an important part of achieving that goal. In fact, instructional design tends to be relevant at all levels of learning whether the students are in kindergarten, high school, college, or beyond. Specifically, instructional design, which was founded based on the theories of various researchers, involves analyzing a learning setting, determining the learning needs of the students in that setting, and developing a system to deliver what is needed through the use of instructional strategies, instructional materials, learning theory, and models of instructional design.

There are a number of models of instructional design. One of the more important models is the ADDIE model that several other models are based on. ADDIE is an acronym which refers to five specific phases involved in instructional design: the analyze phase, the design phase, the develop phase, the implement phase, and the evaluate phase.

The analyze phase involves analysis of the student’s characteristics and the tasks the student must learn. Design is a phase that involves developing learning goals and choosing a particular instructional method. The develop phase refers to the creation of the instructional materials or training materials. To implement refers to the phase where the teacher delivers or distributes the materials to be used for instruction. The evaluate phase is when one makes certain the learning materials were able to achieve the desired goals.

Instructional designing was founded based on the theories of a number of researchers. For example, in the 1800s, Hermann Ebbinghaus and Ivan Pavlov studied forgetfulness and classical conditioning. B.F. Skinner developed radical behaviorism and applied that to learning. Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky studied learners’ development states and cognitive processes that pertained to learning. Their work and David Ausebel’s work helped to form cognitive learning theory, which is an important part of instructional designing.

Then in World War II, Robert Gagne put together training materials to help the United States (US) military and later published a book called “The Conditions of Learning” (1965), which ended up being an important book in instructional design. Also, Robert Mager published an important book called “Preparing Objectives for Programmed Instruction” (1962) to assist teachers in writing clear learning objectives. Benjamin Bloom continued the work and further described learning objectives in the famous "Bloom's Taxonomy of Learning" where he stressed that the lessons must help students synthesize and evaluate information as opposed to just solely recalling facts.

After this, instructional design models were developed by Walter Dick and Lou Carey and others. Each successive model addressed different aspects of instructional designing. Of note, the advent of the computer age and the development of distance learning also impacted the development of instructional designing.

Practical Adult Insights is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.

Discussion Comments

Practical Adult Insights, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

Practical Adult Insights, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.